Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: The HLA-B*35-Px allele has been associated with rapid disease progression in HIV-1 infection, in contrast to the HLA-B*35-Py allele. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Immune responses to two HLA-B*35 restricted HIV-1 specific CTL epitopes and their variants were followed longitudinally during early HIV-1 infection in 16 HLA-B*35+ individuals. Subjects expressing HLA-B*35-Px alleles showed no difference in response to the consensus epitopes compared to individuals with HLA-B*35-Py alleles. Surprisingly, all the HLA-B*35-Px+ individuals responded to epitope-variants even in the absence of a consensus response. Sequencing of the viral population revealed no evidence of variant virus in any of the individuals. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This demonstrates a novel phenomenon that distinguishes individuals with the HLA-B*35-Px rapid progressing allele and those with the HLA-B*35-Py slower progressing allele.

Original publication




Journal article


PLoS One

Publication Date





Alleles, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Disease Progression, Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte, Genetic Variation, HIV Infections, HIV-1, HLA-B35 Antigen, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, T-Cell Antigen Receptor Specificity, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic, Viral Load