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BACKGROUND: The delivery of antibody-targeted major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I complexes containing immunogenic peptides to the surface of tumour cells allows cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) of non-tumour specificity to recognise and kill the tumour cell. Previous studies have demonstrated the activity of this system in vitro and in a simple pre-clinical model. This system has also been shown to be an effective method of expanding antigen-specific CTLs in vitro when used to target MHC class I complexes to the surface of B cells. METHODS: Mice were immunised with ovalbumin and the survival of EL4Hu20 lymphoma cells targeted with H2-D(b)/Ova complexes and control MHC complexes was compared by FACS analysis. A tumour protection assay was performed where immunised mice were injected B16Hu20 melanoma cells targeted with H2-K(b)/Ova or control complexes. T cell expansion in vivo was examined by administering B cells targeted with MHC class I/peptide complexes and assessing T cell expansion by tetramer analysis. RESULTS: In vivo killing of H2-D(b)/Ova-targeted lymphoma cells in the immunised mice was demonstrated with these cells present at only 12% of the level of the control cells. In contrast, in non-immunised mice the survival of H2-D(b)/Ova-targeted and control cells was comparable. In the tumour protection assay, injection of melanoma cells targeted with H2-K(b)/Ova complexes resulted in the development of only a solitary metastasis in each mouse. This compared to an average of 130 metastases in the control mice injected with B16Hu20 cells targeted with a control MHC peptide complex. In vivo CTL expansion was demonstrated after a single intravenous administration of Daudi B cells coated with H2-D(b)/Uty complexes produced an increase in the proportion of Uty-reactive CTLs from 3.3 to 21.5%. CONCLUSION: This study supports the development of antibody-delivered MHC complexes as a method of producing CTL-mediated lysis of cancer cells in vivo. As a therapeutic vaccine, the system may provide an effective approach for expanding oligoclonal T cell responses in vivo in the treatment of malignancy and infectious diseases.

Original publication




Journal article


Tumour Biol

Publication Date





205 - 211


Animals, B-Lymphocytes, Cancer Vaccines, Cell Separation, Female, HLA Antigens, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Immunotherapy, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic, Neoplasms, T-Lymphocytes, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic