Kidins220/ARMS associates with B-Raf and the TCR, promoting sustained Erk signaling in T cells.
Deswal S., Meyer A., Fiala GJ., Eisenhardt AE., Schmitt LC., Salek M., Brummer T., Acuto O., Schamel WWA.
The activation kinetics of MAPK Erk are critical for T cell development and activation. In particular, sustained Erk signaling is required for T cell activation and effector functions, such as IL-2 production. Although Raf-1 triggers transient Erk activation, B-Raf is implicated in sustained Erk signaling after TCR stimulation. In this study, we show that B-Raf is dephosphorylated on its inhibitory serine 365 upon TCR triggering. However, it is unknown how B-Raf activation is coupled to the TCR. Using mass spectrometry, we identified protein kinase D-interacting substrate of 220 kDa (Kidins220)/ankyrin repeat-rich membrane spanning protein, mammalian target of rapamycin, Rictor, Dock2, and GM130 as novel B-Raf interaction partners. We focused on Kidins220, a protein that has been studied in neuronal cells and found that it associated with the pre-TCR, αβTCR, and γδTCR. Upon prolonged TCR stimulation, the Kidins220-TCR interaction was reduced, as demonstrated by immunoprecipitation and proximity ligation assays. We show that Kidins220 is required for TCR-induced sustained, but not transient, Erk activation. Consequently, induction of the immediate early gene products and transcription factors c-Fos and Erg-1 was blocked, and upregulation of the activation markers CD69, IL-2, and IFN-γ was reduced. Further, Kidins220 was required for optimal calcium signaling. In conclusion, we describe Kidins220 as a novel TCR-interacting protein that couples B-Raf to the TCR. Kidins220 is mandatory for sustained Erk signaling; thus, it is crucial for TCR-mediated T cell activation.