OX40-deficient mice are defective in Th cell proliferation but are competent in generating B cell and CTL Responses after virus infection.
Kopf M., Ruedl C., Schmitz N., Gallimore A., Lefrang K., Ecabert B., Odermatt B., Bachmann MF.
OX40, a member of the TNF receptor superfamily, is expressed on activated T cells and implicated in stimulation of T cells and T-dependent humoral responses. We generated OX40-/- mice and found that the formation of extrafollicular plasma cells, germinal centers, and antibody responses was independent of OX40. After infection with LCMV and influenza virus, OX40-/- mice retain primary and memory cytotoxic T cell responses with normal expansion and decline of specific CTL. In contrast, CD4+ T cell proliferation and the number of IFN-gamma-producing CD4+ T cells were reduced in OX40-/- mice. Moreover, the number of CD4+ T cells infiltrating the lungs of influenza virus-infected OX40-/- mice was reduced. These results define a unique role of OX40 in the generation of optimal CD4+ T cell responses in vivo.