Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Nasopharyngeal carriage of Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae was studied in 621 healthy Chinese children and 300 healthy Vietnamese children aged from 2 months to 5 years in Hong Kong. The carriage rate of H. influenzae type b in Vietnamese children was 1.3% (CI 0.04-2.63); it was zero in Chinese. The carriage rate of non-typable H. influenzae was 5.8% (CI 1.4-7.6%) in Chinese and 65.4% (CI 58.9-69.8%) in Vietnamese. The carriage rates of S. pneumoniae were 10.8% (CI 8.3-13.2%) and 55.7% (CI 50.1-61.3%) in Chinese and Vietnamese children, respectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to search for factors associated with differences in carriage rates of both H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae between Chinese and Vetnamese children. Although older age, smaller living area and parental smoking were associated with higher carriage rates, these could not explain the remarkably low carriage rates of both bacteria in Chinese children.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Acta Paediatr

Publication Date

11/1995

Volume

84

Pages

1262 - 1267

Keywords

Adolescent, Child, Child Welfare, Child, Preschool, China, Female, Haemophilus Infections, Haemophilus influenzae, Hong Kong, Humans, Infant, Male, Nasopharynx, Parents, Refugees, Streptococcal Infections, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Vietnam