Discovery of a Potent and Selective Fragment-like Inhibitor of Methyllysine Reader Protein Spindlin 1 (SPIN1).
Xiong Y., Greschik H., Johansson C., Seifert L., Bacher J., Park K-S., Babault N., Martini ML., Fagan V., Li F., Chau I., Christott T., Dilworth D., Barsyte-Lovejoy D., Vedadi M., Arrowsmith CH., Brennan PE., Fedorov O., Jung M., Farnie G., Liu J., Oppermann UCT., Schüle R., Jin J.
By screening an epigenetic compound library, we identified that UNC0638, a highly potent inhibitor of the histone methyltransferases G9a and GLP, was a weak inhibitor of SPIN1 (Spindlin 1), a methyllysine reader protein. Our optimization of this weak hit resulted in the discovery of a potent, selective and cell-active SPIN1 inhibitor, compound 3 (MS31). Compound 3 potently inhibited binding of trimethyllysine-containing peptides to SPIN1, displayed high binding affinity, was highly selective for SPIN1 over other epigenetic readers and writers, directly engaged SPIN1 in cells, and was not toxic to non-tumorigenic cells. The crystal structure of the SPIN1-compound 3 complex indicated that it selectively binds Tudor domain II of SPIN1. We also designed a structurally similar but inactive compound 4 (MS31N) as a negative control. Our results have demonstrated for the first time that potent, selective and cell-active fragment-like inhibitors can be generated by targeting a single Tudor domain.