Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Adjuvant systemic therapies are now routinely used following resection of stage III melanoma, however accurate prognostic information is needed to better stratify patients. We use differential expression analyses of primary tumours from 204 RNA-sequenced melanomas within a large adjuvant trial, identifying a 121 metastasis-associated gene signature. This signature strongly associated with progression-free (HR=1.63, p=5.24x10-5) and overall survival (HR=1.61, p=1.67x10-4), and validated in 177 regional lymph nodes metastasis as well as two externally ascertained datasets. The machine learning classification models trained using the signature genes performed significantly better in predicting metastases than models trained with clinical covariates (pAUROC=7.03x10-4), or published prognostic signatures (pAUROC<0.05). The signature score negatively correlated with measures of immune cell infiltration (ρ=-0.75, p<2.2x10-16 58 ), with a higher score representing reduced lymphocyte infiltration and a higher 5-year risk of death in stage II melanoma. Our expression signature identifies melanoma patients at higher risk of metastases and warrants further evaluation in adjuvant clinical trials.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nature Communications

Publisher

Nature Research (part of Springer Nature)

Publication Date

22/01/2021