Tolerability of four-drug antiretroviral combination therapy in primary HIV-1 infection
Burns JE., Stöhr W., Kinloch-De Loes S., Fox J., Clarke A., Nelson M., Thornhill J., Babiker A., Frater J., Pett SL., Fidler S.
Objectives: Rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important for individuals with high baseline viral loads, such as in primary HIV-1 infection (PHI). Four-drug regimens are sometimes considered; however, data are lacking on tolerability. We aimed to evaluate the tolerability of four-drug regimens used in the Research in Viral Eradication of HIV-1 Reservoirs (RIVER) study. Methods: At enrolment, ART-naïve adult participants or those newly commenced on ART were initiated or intensified to four-drug regimens within 4 weeks of PHI. Rapid start was defined as pre-confirmation or ≤ 7 days of confirmed diagnosis. Primary and secondary outcomes were patient-reported adherence measured by 7-day recall and regimen switches between enrolment and randomization, respectively. Results: Overall, 54 men were included: 72.2% were of white ethnicity, with a median age of 32 years old, 42.6% had a viral load of ≥ 100 000 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL, and in 92.6% sex with men was the mode of acquisition of HIV-1. Twenty (37%) started a four-drug regimen and 34 (63%) were intensified. Rapid ART initiation occurred in 28%, 100% started in ≤ 4 weeks. By weeks 4, 12, and 24, 37.0%, 69.0%, and 94.0% were undetectable (viral load