A generic cell surface ligand system for studying cell-cell recognition
Denham E., Barton M., Black S., Bridge M., Wet BD., Paterson R., der Merwe AV., Goyette J.
Dose-response experiments are a mainstay of receptor biology studies and can reveal valuable insights into receptor function. Such studies of receptors that bind cell surface ligands are currently limited by the difficulty in manipulating the surface density of ligands at a cell-cell interface. Here we describe a generic cell surface ligand system that allows precise manipulation of cell surface ligand densities over several orders of magnitude. We validate the system for a range of immunoreceptors, including the T cell receptor (TCR), and show that this generic ligand stimulates via the TCR at a similar surface density as its native ligand. This system allows the effect of surface density, valency, dimensions, and affinity of the ligand to be manipulated. It can be readily extended to other receptor-cell surface ligand interactions, and will facilitate investigation into the activation of, and signal integration between, cell surface receptors.