The influence of HLA-DRB1*15 on the relationship between microglia and neurons in multiple sclerosis normal appearing cortical grey matter.
Yates RL., Pansieri J., Li Q., Bell JS., Yee SA., Palace J., Esiri MM., DeLuca GC.
Cortical tissue injury is common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and associates with disability progression. We have previously shown that HLA-DRB1*15 genotype status associates with the extent of cortical inflammatory pathology. In the current study, we sought to examine the influence of HLA-DRB1*15 on relationships between inflammation and neurodegeneration in MS. Human post-mortem MS cases (n = 47) and controls (n = 10) were used. Adjacent sections of motor cortex were stained for microglia (Iba1+, CD68+, TMEM119+), lymphocytes (CD3+, CD8+), GFAP+ astrocytes, and neurons (NeuN+). A subset of MS cases (n = 20) and controls (n = 7) were double-labeled for neurofilament and glutamic acid decarboxylase 65/67 (GAD+) to assess the extent of the inhibitory synaptic loss. In MS cases, microglial protein expression positively correlated with neuron density (Iba1+: r = 0.548, p