p53 inhibitor iASPP is an unexpected suppressor of KRAS and inflammation-driven pancreatic cancer.
Miller P., Akama-Garren EH., Owen RP., Demetriou C., Carroll TM., Slee E., Al Moussawi K., Ellis M., Goldin R., O'Neill E., Lu X.
Oncogenic KRAS activation, inflammation and p53 mutation are key drivers of pancreatic cancer (PC) development. Here we report iASPP, an inhibitor of p53, as a paradoxical suppressor of inflammation and oncogenic KRASG12D-driven PC tumorigenesis. iASPP suppresses PC onset driven by KRASG12D alone or KRASG12D in combination with mutant p53R172H. iASPP deletion limits acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) in vitro but accelerates inflammation and KRASG12D-induced ADM, pancreatitis and PC tumorigenesis in vivo. KRASG12D/iASPPΔ8/Δ8 tumours are well-differentiated classical PCs and their derivative cell lines form subcutaneous tumours in syngeneic and nude mice. Transcriptomically, either iASPP deletion or p53 mutation in the KRASG12D background altered the expression of an extensively overlapping gene set, comprised primarily of NF-κB and AP1-regulated inflammatory genes. All these identify iASPP as a suppressor of inflammation and a p53-independent oncosuppressor of PC tumorigenesis.