A population-scale temporal case-control evaluation of COVID-19 disease phenotype and related outcome rates in patients with cancer in England (UKCCP).
Starkey T., Ionescu MC., Tilby M., Little M., Burke E., Fittall MW., Khan S., Liu JKH., Platt JR., Mew R., Tripathy AR., Watts I., Williams ST., Appanna N., Al-Hajji Y., Barnard M., Benny L., Burnett A., Bytyci J., Cattell EL., Cheng V., Clark JJ., Eastlake L., Gerrand K., Ghafoor Q., Grumett S., Harper-Wynne C., Kahn R., Lee AJX., Lomas O., Lydon A., Mckenzie H., NCRI Consumer Forum None., Panneerselvam H., Pascoe JS., Patel G., Patel V., Potter VA., Randle A., Rigg AS., Robinson TM., Roylance R., Roques TW., Rozmanowski S., Roux RL., Shah K., Sheehan R., Sintler M., Swarup S., Taylor H., Tillett T., Tuthill M., Williams S., Ying Y., Beggs A., Iveson T., Lee SM., Middleton G., Middleton M., Protheroe A., Fowler T., Johnson P., Lee LYW.
Patients with cancer are at increased risk of hospitalisation and mortality following severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. However, the SARS-CoV-2 phenotype evolution in patients with cancer since 2020 has not previously been described. We therefore evaluated SARS-CoV-2 on a UK populationscale from 01/11/2020-31/08/2022, assessing case-outcome rates of hospital assessment(s), intensive care admission and mortality. We observed that the SARS-CoV-2 disease phenotype has become less severe in patients with cancer and the non-cancer population. Case-hospitalisation rates for patients with cancer dropped from 30.58% in early 2021 to 7.45% in 2022 while case-mortality rates decreased from 20.53% to 3.25%. However, the risk of hospitalisation and mortality remains 2.10x and 2.54x higher in patients with cancer, respectively. Overall, the SARS-CoV-2 disease phenotype is less severe in 2022 compared to 2020 but patients with cancer remain at higher risk than the non-cancer population. Patients with cancer must therefore be empowered to live more normal lives, to see loved ones and families, while also being safeguarded with expanded measures to reduce the risk of transmission.