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Previous studies have demonstrated that Thogoto virus is transmitted from infected to uninfected ticks when co-feeding on uninfected guinea-pigs, even though the guinea-pigs do not develop a detectable viraemia. Furthermore, tick to tick transmission is potentiated by factors associated with the salivary glands of ticks (saliva activated transmission). The vector efficiency of 2 ixodid tick species, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and Amblyomma variegatum, for Thogoto virus was assessed using this model. The number of uninfected recipient ticks that acquired Thogoto virus when co-feeding with virus-infected ticks (donors) on uninfected guinea-pigs was determined. When nymphs of either tick species were employed as donors, there was no significant difference in the number of infected recipient nymphs. In contrast, a significant difference in the vector efficiency of adults ticks was observed: 77.0% of recipient ticks which co-fed with R. appendiculatus donor adults acquired Thogoto virus compared to 44.7% of recipient ticks which co-fed with A. variegatum donors. No significant difference in susceptibility to Thogoto virus infection was observed between recipient ticks of the 2 species. Thus, adults of R. appendiculatus are more efficient than A. variegatum in mediating non-viraemic transmission.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/0035-9203(90)90104-m

Type

Journal article

Journal

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg

Publication Date

11/1990

Volume

84

Pages

846 - 848

Keywords

Animals, Arachnid Vectors, Arbovirus Infections, Cricetinae, Guinea Pigs, Mesocricetus, Nymph, Ticks