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A single multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme was developed for precise characterization of the opportunistic pathogens of Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC), a group composed of at least nine closely related species. Seven conserved housekeeping genes were selected after a comparison of five Burkholderia species, and a collection of strains was subjected to nucleotide sequence analysis using a nested PCR amplification approach for each gene. MLST differentiated all nine current BCC species and identified 114 sequence types within a collection of 119 strains. No differentiation was found between strains recovered from environmental or clinical sources. The improved resolution in strain identification offered by MLST was able to identify previously characterized epidemic strain lineages and also demonstrated the presence of four novel potential species groups within the complex. There was also evidence for recombination having an important role in the recent evolution of individual BCC species. This highly transferable, validated, MLST scheme provides a new means to assist in species identification as well as unambiguous strain discrimination of the BCC by a single approach. It is also the first MLST scheme designed at the outset to incorporate multiple species and should facilitate global epidemiological investigations of the BCC.

Original publication

DOI

10.1128/JCM.43.9.4665-4673.2005

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Clin Microbiol

Publication Date

09/2005

Volume

43

Pages

4665 - 4673

Keywords

Alleles, Bacterial Proteins, Bacterial Typing Techniques, Base Sequence, Burkholderia cepacia complex, DNA, Bacterial, Genetic Variation, Humans, Phylogeny, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Recombination, Genetic, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Species Specificity