A global map of dominant malaria vectors
Sinka ME., Bangs MJ., Manguin S., Rubio-Palis Y., Chareonviriyaphap T., Coetzee M., Mbogo CM., Hemingway J., Patil AP., Temperley WH., Gething PW., Kabaria CW., Burkot TR., Harbach RE., Hay SI.
BACKGROUND: Global maps, in particular those based on vector distributions, have long been used to help visualise the global extent of malaria. Few, however, have been created with the support of a comprehensive and extensive evidence-based approach. METHODS: Here we describe the generation of a global map of the dominant vector species (DVS) of malaria that makes use of predicted distribution maps for individual species or species complexes. RESULTS: Our global map highlights the spatial variability in the complexity of the vector situation. In Africa, An. gambiae, An. arabiensis and An. funestus are co-dominant across much of the continent, whereas in the Asian-Pacific region there is a highly complex situation with multi-species coexistence and variable species dominance. CONCLUSIONS: The competence of the mapping methodology to accurately portray DVS distributions is discussed. The comprehensive and contemporary database of species-specific spatial occurrence (currently available on request) will be made directly available via the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) website from early 2012.