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RATIONALE: Novel tuberculosis (TB) vaccines should be safe and effective in populations infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) and/or HIV for effective TB control. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and immunogenicity of MVA85A, a novel TB vaccine, among M.tb- and/or HIV-infected persons in a setting where TB and HIV are endemic. METHODS: An open-label, phase IIa trial was conducted in 48 adults with M.tb and/or HIV infection. Safety and immunogenicity were analyzed up to 52 weeks after intradermal vaccination with 5 × 10(7) plaque-forming units of MVA85A. Specific T-cell responses were characterized by IFN-γ enzyme-linked immunospot and whole blood intracellular cytokine staining assays. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: MVA85A was well tolerated and no vaccine-related serious adverse events were recorded. MVA85A induced robust and durable response of mostly polyfunctional CD4(+) T cells, coexpressing IFN-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α, and IL-2. Magnitudes of pre- and postvaccination T-cell responses were lower in HIV-infected, compared with HIV-uninfected, vaccinees. No significant effect of antiretroviral therapy on immunogenicity of MVA85A was observed. CONCLUSIONS: MVA85A was safe and immunogenic in persons with HIV and/or M.tb infection. These results support further evaluation of safety and efficacy of this vaccine for prevention of TB in these target populations.

Original publication

DOI

10.1164/rccm.201108-1548OC

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Respir Crit Care Med

Publication Date

01/04/2012

Volume

185

Pages

769 - 778

Keywords

AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections, Adolescent, Adult, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Immunity, Cellular, Male, Middle Aged, Tuberculosis Vaccines, Tuberculosis, Pulmonary, Viral Load, Viral Vaccines, Young Adult