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PURPOSE: This phase I study of the mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor RO4987655 (CH4987655) assessed its maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), safety, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile, and antitumor activity in patients with advanced solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An initial dose escalation was conducted using a once-daily dosing schedule, with oral RO4987655 administered at doses of 1.0 to 2.5 mg once daily over 28 consecutive days in 4-week cycles. Doses were then escalated from 3.0 to 21.0 mg [total daily dose (TDD)] using a twice-daily dosing schedule. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients were enrolled. DLTs were blurred vision (n = 1) and elevated creatine phosphokinase (n = 3). The MTD was 8.5 mg twice daily (TDD, 17.0 mg). Rash-related toxicity (91.8%) and gastrointestinal disorders (69.4%) were the most frequent adverse events. The pharmacokinetic profile of RO4987655 showed dose linearity and a half-life of approximately 4 hours. At the MTD, target inhibition, assessed by suppression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, was high (mean 75%) and sustained (90% of time >IC(50)). Of the patients evaluable for response, clinical benefit was seen in 21.1%, including two partial responses (one confirmed and one unconfirmed). 79.4% of patients showed a reduction in fluorodeoxyglucose uptake by positron emission tomography between baseline and day 15. CONCLUSION: In this population of heavily pretreated patients, oral RO4987655 showed manageable toxicity, a favorable pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics profile, and promising preliminary antitumor activity, which has been further investigated in specific populations of patients with RAS and/or RAF mutation driven tumors.

Original publication

DOI

10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-0868

Type

Journal article

Journal

Clin Cancer Res

Publication Date

01/09/2012

Volume

18

Pages

4794 - 4805

Keywords

Administration, Oral, Adult, Aged, Benzamides, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Administration Schedule, Female, Humans, MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases, Male, Maximum Tolerated Dose, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Neoplasms, Oxazines, Protein Kinase Inhibitors