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Blood samples from 13 locations in the Pacific and South-East Asia were tested for evidence of infection with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis delta virus (HDV). No samples were positive for antibody to HIV-1. Antibodies to HTLV-1 were found in samples from five locations, the maximum prevalence being 19%, in Vanuatu. Serological markers of HBV infection were found in all locations, the maximal prevalence being 88%, in Majuro, Micronesia. Antibodies to HDV in HBsAg positive sera were found in six locations with a maximum prevalence of 81% in Kiribati.

Original publication

DOI

10.1017/s095026880006564x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Epidemiol Infect

Publication Date

02/1988

Volume

100

Pages

153 - 156

Keywords

Asia, Developing Countries, Diseases, French Polynesia, Health, Health Surveys, Hiv Infections, Kiribati, Measurement, Melanesia, Micronesia, Micronesia-polynesia, Nauru, Oceania, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Polynesia, Prevalence, Research Methodology, Southeastern Asia, Vanuatu, Viral Diseases, Adult, Antibodies, Viral, Deltaretrovirus, Deltaretrovirus Infections, HIV, HIV Antibodies, HIV Seropositivity, Hepatitis Antibodies, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Surface Antigens, Hepatitis D, Hepatitis Delta Virus, Humans, Melanesia, Micronesia, Philippines, Polynesia