Nonviral gene delivery: techniques and implications for molecular medicine.
Parker AL., Newman C., Briggs S., Seymour L., Sheridan PJ.
Medical research continues to illuminate the origins of many human diseases. Gene therapy has been widely proposed as a novel strategy by which this knowledge can be used to deliver new and improved therapies. Viral gene transfer is relatively efficient but there are concerns relating to the use of viral vectors in humans. Conversely, nonviral vectors appear safe but inefficient. Therefore, the development of an efficient nonviral vector remains a highly desirable goal. This review focuses on the numerous challenges preventing efficient nonviral gene transfer in vivo and discusses the many technologies that have been adopted to overcome these problems.