Heregulin-induced epigenetic regulation of the utrophin-A promoter.
Basu U., Gyrd-Hansen M., Baby SM., Lozynska O., Krag TOB., Jensen CJ., Frödin M., Khurana TS.
Utrophin is the autosomal homolog of dystrophin, the product of the Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) locus. Utrophin is of therapeutic interest since its over-expression can compensate dystrophin's absence. Utrophin is enriched at neuromuscular junctions due to heregulin-mediated utrophin-A promoter activation. We demonstrate that heregulin activated MSK1/2 and phosphorylated histone H3 at serine 10 in cultured C2C12 muscle cells, in an ERK-dependent manner. MSK1/2 inhibition suppressed heregulin-mediated utrophin-A activation. MSK1 over-expression potentiated heregulin-mediated utrophin-A activation and chromatin remodeling at the utrophin-A promoter. These results identify MSK1/2 as key effectors modulating utrophin-A expression as well as identify novel targets for DMD therapy.