Inhibitory effect of TNF alpha antibodies on synovial cell interleukin-1 production in rheumatoid arthritis.
Brennan FM., Chantry D., Jackson A., Maini R., Feldmann M.
The effect of tumour necrosis factor (TNF alpha) antibodies on synovial cell interleukin-1 (IL-1) production was investigated in 7 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and in 7 with osteoarthritis. Synovial cell IL-1 production was significantly reduced by anti-TNF alpha antibody in cultures from patients with rheumatoid arthritis, but antilymphotoxin antibody did not have this effect (except in 1 culture). In cultures from patients with osteoarthritis spontaneous IL-1 production was low, despite high concentrations of TNF alpha, and IL-1 production was not inhibited by anti-TNF alpha antibody. In rheumatoid arthritis, TNF alpha may be the main inducer of IL-1, and anti-TNF alpha agents may be useful in treatment.