Dose intensity in small cell lung cancer.
Thatcher N., Lee SM., Woll PJ., Middleton M., Anderson H., Burt P., Stout R.
Evidence from preclinical models and from clinical trials describing the importance of dose intensity in securing a better treatment outcome is reviewed. Recent randomized trials have shown statistically significant survival benefits with higher-dose, accelerated chemotherapy regimens with and without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. The novel use of peripheral blood progenitor cells contained in whole blood autotransfusions, which allow a marked increase in dose intensity of an ifosfamide/carboplatin/etoposide regimen, could provide a much easier method of delivering dose-intensive chemotherapy than previously available.