Comparison of hepatitis B virus subtyping of d/y determinants by radioimmunoprecipitation assay and the polymerase chain reaction.
Nicholson WJ., Black SH., Simmonds P., Chung CW., Aw D., Peutherer JF.
Using a double polymerase chain reaction a method was devised for detecting and subtyping hepatitis B virus DNA in serum samples. Primers from the S-gene were selected from the sequence analyses of five HBV HBsAg subtypes, to amplify HBV DNA and subtype for y specific DNA. Thirty-eight samples were subtyped for d and y determinants by radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Subtyping by PCR and RIPA was in agreement in 100% of subtype y samples and 83.3% of subtype d, giving an overall correlation of 92.1%. As a third comparison, 12 amplified samples were digested by the restriction enzyme Sau 3A, which differentiates between subtypes y and d. The digest results agreed with PCR in 83.3% of the samples. In addition, we compared our standard phenol/chloroform extraction against a rapid one step method. The phenol/chloroform stage was found to be essential for the removal of nucleases and polymerase inhibitors present in sera.