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Monocytes as cells of the innate immunity are prominently involved in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. The heterogeneity of blood monocytes has widely been acknowledged by accumulating experimental and clinical data suggesting a differential, subset-specific contribution of the corresponding subpopulations to the pathology of cardiovascular and other diseases. This document re-evaluates current nomenclature and summarises key findings on monocyte subset biology to propose a consensus statement about phenotype, separation and quantification of the individual subsets.

Original publication




Journal article


Thrombosis and haemostasis

Publication Date





626 - 637


Dr. Christian Weber, LMU Munich - Cardiovascular Prevention, Pettenkoferstr. 9, 80336 Munich, Germany, Tel.: +49 89 4400 54350, Fax: +49 89 4400 54352, E-mail: