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A cell culture assay is described which is suitable to explore interactions between cells of the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment on one side and B lymphocyte progenitors on the other. First, a heterogeneous adherent BM (aBM) cell population was established on Cytodex 1 microcarriers. Then, adherent cell and surface IgM+(sIgM+) cell-depleted BM precursors or adherent cell-depleted day 12 fetal liver cells were added. The generation of B cells in these cultures was monitored by staining with fluorochrome-labeled anti-mu-chain antibody and by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction of protein A plaque-forming cells at limiting dilution. In the absence of aBM cells, some B cells arose after 24 hr from BM precursors but not from day 12 fetal liver cells. With aBM cells, BM precursors gave rise to a distinct second wave of B cells starting after 5 days of culture. When fetal liver cells were cultured on aBM cells, B cells appeared after a delay of 4 to 5 days. By using Ig allotype-congenic mouse strains (C.AL 20, BALB/c) and an allotype-specific plaque assay, we established that mature B cells originate from the putative progenitors and not from the aBM cell population. In an attempt to eliminate the aBM cell-independent progenitor subset, mice were pretreated with 5-fluorouracil 5 days before BM cells were collected. The remaining cells still contained B cells, but the frequency of c mu+ sIgM- pre-B cells was less than 10(-5). Remaining B cells were removed by anti-mu panning. In cultures of this precursor cell population, LPS-responsive B cells appeared after a delay of about 1 wk, and their generation was totally aBM cell-dependent and was maintained for more than 2 wk.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Immunol

Publication Date

15/04/1987

Volume

138

Pages

2427 - 2432

Keywords

Animals, B-Lymphocytes, Bone Marrow, Bone Marrow Cells, Cell Differentiation, Cells, Cultured, Female, Fluorouracil, Hematopoiesis, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Immunoglobulin M, Lipopolysaccharides, Liver, Lymphocyte Depletion, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Pregnancy, Rats, Rats, Inbred Lew, Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell