Reduced kidney function at presentation in unselected acute emergency medical admissions : incidence, outcome and associated factors
O'CALLAGHAN C., Yang E., Reschen ME., Chalisey A., Shine B., Lasserson D.
We sought to assess the impact of renal impairment on acute medical admissions and to identify potential contributory factors to admissions involving renal impairment at presentation. In a prospective cohort study, 29.5% of all acute medical emergency admissions had an eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73m2 at presentation. Of these, 19.9 % had definite chronic kidney disease and 8.4 % had definite acute kidney injury. Detailed analysis of a random subset of patients with an eGFR <60ml/min/1.73m2 at presentation demonstrated that the major reasons for admission included falls, dehydration and fluid overload. 46% were on diuretics and 53% were on an ACEI or ARB or both. Gastrointestinal disturbance and recent medication changes were common and diuretic use persisted even with diarrhoea or vomiting.