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Solitonlike structures called "droplets" are found to exist within a paradigm reaction-diffusion model that can be used to describe patterning in a number of biological systems, for example, on the skin of various fish species. They have also been found in many other systems that can be modeled with a complex Ginzburg-Landau system. These droplets can be analyzed in the biological paradigm model because the system has two nonzero stable steady states that are symmetric; however, the asymmetric case is more challenging. We first review the properties of the paradigm system and then extend a recently developed perturbation technique [D. Gomila, J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, S265 (2004)] to investigate the weakly asymmetric case. We compare the results of our mathematical analysis with numerical simulations and show good agreement in the region where the assumptions hold.

Original publication




Journal article


Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys

Publication Date





Diffusion, Models, Biological, Stochastic Processes