Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Given that the spectrum of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein immunoglobulin G (MOG-IgG) associated disease is yet to be fully defined, development of sensitive and highly specific assays to identify MOG-IgG is crucial to precisely define the clinical phenotypes, disease courses and prognosis to describe the full spectrum of MOG-IgG associated diseases. Here, we aim to validate a new in-house live cell-based assay (CBA) for screening MOG-IgG in patients with central nervous system inflammatory diseases. METHODS: We generated a full length MOG transfected HEK293 stable cell line using pIRES2-eGFP vector. Sera from 355 patients with central nervous system inflammatory diseases and 25 healthy individuals were evaluated for MOG-IgG seropositivity using in-house cell-based immunofluorescence assay (CBA-IF). The specificity of IgG (H + L) and IgG1-Fc secondary antibodies as well as IgM binding were determined by cell-based flow cytometry (CBA-FACS). The optimal cut-offs for determining seropositivity in CBA-FACS were calculated and the concordance of CBA-IF score and CBA-FACS was studied. The results of our CBA-IF were compared with the Oxford CBA-IF. RESULTS: 11.5% (41/355) of patients were seropositive for MOG-IgG and had clinical phenotypes that were within the known clinical spectrum of MOG-IgG associated diseases. No typical multiple sclerosis patients, aquaporin-4-IgG positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder or healthy individuals were MOG-IgG seropositive. Using CBA-FACS, the anti-human IgG (H + L) was found to be comparable to IgG1-Fc antibody. No IgM binding was observed in all the samples tested. CBA-IF score and CBA-FACS yielded high correlation. The concordance of the NCC CBA-IF with the Oxford CBA-IF was 98%. CONCLUSION: We have developed MOG-IgG CBAs that have different characteristics and benefits but with high specificity and concordance. The complementary use of two methods and follow-up study with larger cohort will increase the clinical usefulness of MOG-IgG CBAs.

Original publication




Journal article


Mult Scler Relat Disord

Publication Date





MOG-IgG, MOG-IgG assay, MOG-IgG associated diseases, cell-based assay