Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) affects 0.25-1.0% of the population, and its etiology is incompletely understood. Susceptibility to this highly familial disease (lambda(s) = 58) is primarily genetically determined. There is a significant sex bias in AS, and there are differences in recurrence risk to the offspring of affected mothers and fathers, suggesting that there may be an X-linked recessive effect. We undertook an X-chromosome linkage study to determine any contribution of the X-chromosome to AS susceptibility. METHODS: A linkage study of the X-chromosome using 234 affected sibling pairs was performed to investigate this hypothesis. RESULTS: No linkage of the X-chromosome with susceptibility to AS was found. Model-free multipoint linkage analysis strongly excluded any significant genetic contribution (lambda > or = 1.5) to AS susceptibility encoded on the X-chromosome (logarithm of odds [LOD] <-2.0). Smaller genetic effects (lambda > or = 1.3) were also found to be unlikely (LOD <-1.0). CONCLUSION: The sex bias in AS is not explained by X-chromosome-encoded genetic effects. The disease model best explaining the sex bias in occurrence and transmission of AS is a polygenic model with a higher susceptibility threshold in females.

Original publication




Journal article


Arthritis Rheum

Publication Date





1353 - 1355


Genetic Linkage, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Lod Score, Spondylitis, Ankylosing, X Chromosome