TCR usage by homocysteine-specific human CTL.
Chilvers MM., Wordsworth P., Stubbs A., Gao XM.
We have recently demonstrated that homocysteine can modify HLA class I Ags and induce homocysteine-specific CTL (Hom-CTL) responses in humans. Here, we have investigated TCR usage by Hom-CTL from five patients with ankylosing spondylitis or reactive arthritis. TCR of HLA-A68-restricted Hom-CTL from two unrelated donors share the same TCR Valpha, Vbeta, and Jbeta gene segments (AV4, BV23, and BJ2S1, respectively) with similar third complementarity determining regions (CDR3) of the beta-chains. Interestingly, the Va and Vbeta gene segments employed by an HLA-B27-restricted Hom-CTL clone are also closely related to AV4 and BV23, indicating strong selection pressure for AV4, BV23, and related gene products in the homocysteine-specific TCR. An arginine or lysine residue frequently appeared at position alpha93 in the CDR3 of the TCR alpha-chains from Hom-CTL restricted by HLA-A68 or -B8. This may suggest a potential salt bridge between the carboxyl group of homocysteine and specific TCR. TCR usage by HLA-B27-restricted Hom-CTL from unrelated individuals appears to be less conserved, although two T cell clones from one individual rearranged the same V gene segments with identical lengths of CDR3. Implications of these data for the molecular mechanisms for homocysteine modification of HLA Ags are also discussed.