Coreceptor blockade targeting CD4 and CD8 allows acceptance of allogeneic human pluripotent stem cell grafts in humanized mice.
Li J., Li X., Liang C., Ling L., Chen Z., Wong CK., Waldmann H., Lui KO.
We have previously demonstrated that short-term coreceptor blockade with non-lytic monoclonal antibodies enables the long-term survival of fully allogeneic embryonic stem cell (ESC) transplants in mice. Here, we describe the use of Hu-PBL humanized mice to determine whether short-term coreceptor blockade with humanized anti-human CD4 and CD8 antibodies can achieve the same outcome towards human ESC derivatives. While control Hu-PBL mice rejected allogeneic hESC-derived transplants within weeks, mice treated with coreceptor blocking antibodies held their grafts for 7 weeks, the duration of the study. Rejection in the control mice was associated with demonstrable infiltrates of human CD45 white blood cells, predominantly of CD8 T-cells, whereas anti-CD4, but not anti-CD8 antibody treated mice showed remarkably reduced lymphocyte infiltration and prolonged allograft survival, indicating that the CD4+ T-cells were crucial to the rejection process. Our results give support to the principle that short-term blockade of T-cell co-receptors can achieve long-term acceptance of regenerative cell transplants in humans.