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In the absence of a proven effective vaccine preventing infection by SARS-CoV-2, or a proven drug to treat COVID-19, the positive results of passive immune therapy using convalescent serum provide a strong lead. We have developed a new class of tetravalent, biparatopic therapy, 89C8-ACE2. It combines the specificity of a monoclonal antibody (89C8) that recognizes the relatively conserved N-terminal domain of the viral Spike (S) glycoprotein, and the ectodomain of ACE2, which binds to the receptor-binding domain of S. This molecule shows exceptional performance in vitro, inhibiting the interaction of recombinant S1 to ACE2 and transduction of ACE2-overexpressing cells by S-pseudotyped lentivirus with IC50s substantially below 100 pM, and with potency approximately 100-fold greater than ACE2-Fc itself. Moreover, 89C8-ACE2 was able to neutralize authentic viral infection in a standard 96-h co-incubation assay at low nanomolar concentrations, making this class of molecule a promising lead for therapeutic applications.

Original publication




Journal article




Informa UK Limited

Publication Date





1804241 - 1804241


Drug Design, Humans, Coronavirus Infections, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Pandemics, Recombinant Proteins, Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Pneumonia, Viral, Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A, Antibodies, Viral, Antibodies, Neutralizing, Drug Discovery