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Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1) and tryptophane 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO) are two heme-containing enzymes which catalyze the conversion of tryptophan to N-formylkynurenine. Both enzymes are well establish therapeutic targets as important factors in the tumor immune evasion mechanism. A number of analogues of the marine pyrroloquinoline alkaloids tsitsikammamines or wakayin have been synthesized, two of them were synthesized using an original method to build the bispyrroloquinone framework. All the derivatives were evaluated in a cellular assay for their capacity to inhibit the enzymes. Six compounds have shown a significant potency on HEK 293-EBNA cell lines expressing hIDO1 or hTDO.

Original publication




Journal article


Bioorg Med Chem Lett

Publication Date





Bispyrroloquinone, IDO1 and TDO, Marine alkaloids, Pyrroloiminoquinone, Tsitsikammamine, Wakayin