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MOTIVATION: The importance of stochasticity in biological systems is becoming increasingly recognized and the computational cost of biologically realistic stochastic simulations urgently requires development of efficient software. We present a new software tool STOCHSIMGPU that exploits graphics processing units (GPUs) for parallel stochastic simulations of biological/chemical reaction systems and show that significant gains in efficiency can be made. It is integrated into MATLAB and works with the Systems Biology Toolbox 2 (SBTOOLBOX2) for MATLAB. RESULTS: The GPU-based parallel implementation of the Gillespie stochastic simulation algorithm (SSA), the logarithmic direct method (LDM) and the next reaction method (NRM) is approximately 85 times faster than the sequential implementation of the NRM on a central processing unit (CPU). Using our software does not require any changes to the user's models, since it acts as a direct replacement of the stochastic simulation software of the SBTOOLBOX2. AVAILABILITY: The software is open source under the GPL v3 and available at http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/cmb/STOCHSIMGPU. The web site also contains supplementary information. CONTACT: klingbeil@maths.ox.ac.uk SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/bioinformatics/btr068

Type

Journal article

Journal

Bioinformatics

Publication Date

15/04/2011

Volume

27

Pages

1170 - 1171

Keywords

Algorithms, Computer Simulation, Software, Stochastic Processes, Systems Biology