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Based on the results of phylogenetic analysis, which showed that flecks are the primitive pattern of the felid family and all other patterns including rosettes and blotches develop from it, we construct a Turing reaction-diffusion model which generates spot patterns initially. Starting from this spotted pattern, we successfully generate patterns of adult leopards and jaguars by tuning parameters of the model in the subsequent phase of patterning.

Original publication




Journal article


Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys

Publication Date





Animals, Body Patterning, Computer Simulation, Feedback, Models, Biological, Panthera, Skin, Skin Pigmentation