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BACKGROUND: Blood culture collection practice in low-resource settings where routine blood culture collection is available has not been previously described. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a secondary descriptive analysis of children aged 2-23 months enrolled in the Malawi Childhood Acute Illness and Nutrition (CHAIN) study, stratified by whether an admission blood culture had been undertaken and by nutritional status. Chi-square test was used to compare the differences between groups. RESULTS: A total of 347 children were included, of whom 161 (46%) had a blood culture collected. Children who had a blood culture collected, compared to those who did not, were more likely to present with sepsis (43% vs. 20%, p 

Original publication




Journal article


J Trop Pediatr

Publication Date





antimicrobial resistance, blood culture, bloodstream infection, children, malnutrition, Child, Humans, Malawi, Tertiary Care Centers, Blood Culture, Acute Disease, Sepsis, Gastroenteritis