Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

CD40 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily and is a key signaling molecule expressed by antigen-presenting cells of the immune system. In a previous paper, we demonstrated that the expression of CD40 is regulated by both post-transcriptional and post-translational processes. In this paper, we show that basal (constitutive) CD40 gene expression is regulated by a TATA-less promoter, with Sp1 as a key transcription factor. Two Sp1 binding regions were identified in the mouse CD40 promoter at positions -59 to -50 and -74 to -66. Surprisingly, Sp1-mediated CD40 transcription was reduced following lipopolysaccharide stimulation and was associated with a time-dependent reduction in Sp1 DNA binding activity. This reduction seemed to be mediated by phosphorylation of the Sp1 molecule. We also show here that CD40 expression in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated cells is up-regulated by NF-kappaB through two distinct sites. One of these sites (-128 to -119) was shown to bind p50 and p65 members of the NF-kappaB family, while the other site (-562 to -553) bound only p65. Transfectants of p65 were generated using RAW 264 cells, and it was shown that the up-regulation of CD40 mRNA expression was dependent on the presence of the p65 molecule.

Original publication




Journal article


J Biol Chem

Publication Date





8890 - 8897


Base Sequence, CD40 Antigens, DNA, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Lipopolysaccharides, Molecular Sequence Data, NF-kappa B, Phosphorylation, RNA, Messenger, Sp1 Transcription Factor, Sp3 Transcription Factor, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic