Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes have largely been defined in Caucasian populations infected with clade B virus. Identification of potentially protective CTL epitopes in non-B clade-infected African subjects is important for vaccine development. In a study of CTL responses in clade A-infected Gambians, using cytotoxicity, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) and HLA-B53-peptide tetramer assays, we identified three HLA-B53-restricted epitopes in HIV-1 gag p24. CTL specific for an epitope in a highly immunogenic region of the p24 protein showed no cross-reactivity to other HIV-1 clades. Two of the epitopes would not have been predicted from the peptide-binding motif due to the absence of a proline anchor at position 2. Structural analysis of HLA-B53 and its relative, HLA B35, enabled us to re-define the peptide-binding motif to include other P2 anchors. These results demonstrate the value of combined immunological and structural analyses in defining novel CTL epitopes and have implications for HIV-1 vaccine design.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/1521-4141(200106)31:6<1747::AID-IMMU1747>3.0.CO;2-L

Type

Journal article

Journal

European Journal of Immunology

Publication Date

28/06/2001

Volume

31

Pages

1747 - 1756