Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Astroviral infections commonly cause acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis in children globally. However, these infections often go undiagnosed outside of research settings. There is no treatment available for astrovirus, and Astroviridae strain diversity presents a challenge to potential vaccine development. METHODS: To address our hypothesis that host genetic risk factors are associated with astrovirus disease susceptibility, we performed a genome-wide association study of astrovirus infection in the first year of life from children enrolled in 2 Bangladeshi birth cohorts. RESULTS: We identified a novel region on chromosome 1 near the loricrin gene (LOR) associated with astrovirus diarrheal infection (rs75437404; meta-analysis P = 8.82 × 10-9; A allele odds ratio, 2.71) and on chromosome 10 near the prolactin releasing hormone receptor gene (PRLHR) (rs75935441; meta-analysis P = 1.33 × 10-8; C allele odds ratio, 4.17). The prolactin-releasing peptide has been shown to influence feeding patterns and energy balance in mice. In addition, several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the chromosome 1 locus have previously been associated with expression of innate immune system genes PGLYRP4, S100A9, and S100A12. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified 2 significant host genetic regions that may influence astrovirus diarrhea susceptibility and should be considered in further studies.

Original publication




Journal article


Open Forum Infect Dis

Publication Date





Astrovirus, GWAS, diarrhea, host genetics