Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Carriage studies are an efficient means for assessing pneumococcal conjugate vaccine effect in settings where pneumococcal disease surveillance programmes are not well established. In this study the effect of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) introduction on pneumococcal carriage and density among Nepalese children using a bacterial microarray and qPCR was examined. METHODS: PCV10 was introduced into the Nepalese infant immunisation schedule in August 2015. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from healthy Nepalese children in Kathmandu between April 2014 and December 2021. Samples were plated on blood agar, incubated overnight, and DNA extracted from plate sweeps. Pneumococcal serotyping was done using the Senti-SPv1.5 microarray (BUGS Bioscience, UK). DNA was extracted from swab media and qPCR performed for pneumococcal autolysin (lytA). RESULTS: A significant decline in prevalence of PCV10 serotypes was observed when comparing pre-PCV10 with post-PCV10 collection periods (36.5 %, 454/1244 vs 10.3 %, 243/2353, p 

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date



Carriage, Children, Density, Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, Pneumococcus