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We show that a higher incidence of campylobacteriosis is found in young children (age, <5 years) living in rural, compared with urban, areas. Association of this difference with particular animal sources was evaluated using multilocus sequence typing. This evaluation was achieved by comparing Campylobacter isolates originating from these children, retail poultry, and a range of animal sources by use of source attribution and phylogenetic analysis methods. The results indicate that chicken is a major source of infection in young urban children, although not in their rural counterparts, for which ruminant and other avian sources are more important.

Original publication




Journal article


J Infect Dis

Publication Date





1205 - 1208


Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Animals, Animals, Domestic, Birds, Campylobacter, Campylobacter Infections, Cattle, Chickens, Child, Child, Preschool, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Middle Aged, Rural Population, Scotland, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sheep, Swine, Urban Population, Young Adult