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We have shown that the dominance of CD8+ T cells expressing TCR Vbeta17 in the adult HLA-A*0201-restricted influenza A/M1(58-66)-specific response is acquired following first antigen exposure. Despite the acquired dominance of Vbeta17+ cells, subdominant M1(58-66)-specific clones expressing non-Vbeta17+ TCR persist in all individuals. To determine whether the affinity of the expressed TCR for the HLA-A*0201/M1(58-66) complex could influence functional properties, M1(58-66)-specific clones expressing subdominant (non-Vbeta17+) TCR were compared to cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones expressing dominant (Vbeta17+) TCR. The Vbeta17+ CTL required up to 10,000-fold lower amounts of M1 peptide to mediate lysis compared to CTL clones expressing other Vbeta gene segments. All Vbeta17+ CTL clones tested bound HLA-A*0201/M1(58-66) tetramer, but two of three CTL clones expressing other TCR did not bind tetramer. The inability of non-Vbeta17+ CTL to bind tetramer did not correlate with phenotype, CD8 dependence or with cytokine production profiles. This suggests a limitation for the use of tetramers in examining subdominant T cell responses. Together these findings suggest that Vbeta17+ CTL which dominate the HLA-A*0201-restricted CTL response against influenza A are not functionally distinct from subdominant non-Vbeta17+ CTL. The dominance of Vbeta17+ CTL is likely to result from a competitive advantage due to superior CTL avidity for the HLA-A*0201/M1(58-66) complex.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/intimm/13.11.1383

Type

Journal article

Journal

Int Immunol

Publication Date

11/2001

Volume

13

Pages

1383 - 1390

Keywords

Adult, Clone Cells, HLA-A Antigens, Humans, Influenza A virus, Peptides, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic, Viral Matrix Proteins