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We propose a design principle that extends Murray's original optimization principle for vascular architecture to account for complex blood rheology. Minimization of an energy dissipation function enables us to determine how rheology affects the morphology of simple branching networks. The behavior of various physical quantities associated with the networks, such as the wall shear stress and the flow velocity, is also determined. Our results are shown to be qualitatively and quantitatively compatible with independent experimental observations and simulations.

Original publication




Journal article


Microvasc Res

Publication Date





156 - 172


Blood Circulation Time, Blood Flow Velocity, Capillaries, Hemorheology, Models, Cardiovascular, Stress, Mechanical