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Several studies suggested that part of the genetic susceptibility for Type I diabetes (T1DM) is encoded by some polymorphisms of CTLA-4 gene (2q33) and of Vitamin D Receptor gene (VDR; 12q12-14). Our aim was to assess their contribution to T1DM genetic susceptibility in the Romanian population. We typed CTLA-4 49 A/G and VDR FokI (F/f), ApaI (A/a) and TaqI (T/t) polymorphisms by Sequence Specific Primer PCR (SSP-PCR) in 204 Romanian diabetic families (756 individuals: 212 T1DM probands and 544 unaffected parents and siblings). We studied alleles transmission using the Transmission Disequilibrium Test (TDT). We found an increased transmission of CTLA-4 49G allele to diabetics (54.8%, p=0.11). The transmission of F (56. 1%, p=0.063), a (55.7%, p=0.061) and T (51.8%, p=0.37) alleles of VDR gene to diabetics was increased but did not reach statistical significance. In conclusion we found the same increased transmission of CTLA-4 49 G allele to diabetics as previously reported. VDR FoqI F allele seems to be predisposing while TaqI T allele seems to be protective.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine

Publication Date

2002

Volume

6

Pages

75 - 81

Keywords

linkage disequilibrium, REGION, SEARCH, LOCUS, ctla-4, genetic, hl-a antigens, mellitus iddm, romania, susceptibility genes, type i diabetes, vitamin d receptor