Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

IL-10 is an 18-kDa immunoregulatory cytokine the transcription of which is controlled by the ubiquitously expressed transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3. Although many cell types express IL-10 mRNA, not all make detectable amounts of protein, and levels of protein expression vary enormously. We show here that much of this variation can be accounted for by posttranscriptional mechanisms. Multiple copies of potential mRNA destabilizing motifs AUUUA and related sequences can be found to the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of IL-10 mRNA distributed through three potential regulatory regions. Evidence of RNA-destabilizing activities in all three regions was deduced from luciferase reporter assays. The half-life of RNA containing the 3'-UTR of IL-10 mRNA was quite short in both nonstimulated (t1/2 = 1 h), and PMA-stimulated EL-4 cell (t1/2 = 3 h). In contrast, the half-life of RNA lacking the 3'-UTR was much longer (t1/2 = >12 h) whether cells were stimulated or not. This suggests that many cells are poised to secrete IL-10 and will do so if they receive appropriate posttranscriptional signals.

Original publication




Journal article


J Immunol

Publication Date





292 - 296


3' Untranslated Regions, Animals, Artificial Gene Fusion, Base Sequence, Cell Line, Gene Expression Regulation, Half-Life, Humans, Immunoglobulin Constant Regions, Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains, Interleukin-10, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, RNA, Messenger, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, Transfection, Transgenes