Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The mouth, oesophagus, and anus are often involved in dystrophic and junctional epidermolysis bullosa, but the frequency is unknown. Among 246 patients with epidermolysis bullosa, dysphagia developed in 76% of those with recessive dystrophic, in 20% of those with dominant dystrophic, in 15% of those with junctional, and in 2% of those with simplex forms. Lingual adhesions or microstomia occurred in dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa only, but were eight times more common in recessive than in dominant subtypes. These lesions are provoked by the trauma of eating and further reduce food intake, which exacerbates constipation caused by anal blisters and results in malnutrition. Management requires specialised multidisciplinary care.


Journal article



Publication Date





1505 - 1506


Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Deglutition Disorders, Epidermolysis Bullosa, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Humans, Middle Aged, Mouth Diseases