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BACKGROUND: Type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) mediates resistance to chemotherapy and targeted agents. This study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and tolerability of humanized IGF-1R antibody AVE1642 with other cancer treatments. PATIENTS: Patients with advanced solid tumors received three weekly AVE1642 dosed at 6 mg/kg, chosen following previous study, with 75 (cohort A) or 100 mg/m(2) (B) docetaxel, 1250 mg/m(2) gemcitabine/100 mg erlotinib (C1), or 60 mg/m(2) doxorubicin (D1). Blood samples were assayed for PK, IGFs, and IGF-BP3. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients received 317 AVE1642 infusions. The commonest adverse events were diarrhea (37/58 patients), asthenia (34/58), nausea (30/58), and stomatitis (21/58). Dose-limiting toxic effects in cohorts C1 (diarrhea) and D1 (neutropenia) prompted addition of cohorts C2 (1000 mg/m(2) gemcitabine/75 mg erlotinib) and D2 (50 mg/m(2) doxorubicin). Grade 3-4 hyperglycemia (three cases) accompanied steroid premedication for docetaxel administration. No PK interactions were detected. There were three partial responses in cohorts B (melanoma) and C (leiomyosarcoma, two cases) and 22 stabilizations ≥12 weeks, giving a control rate of 25/57 (44%). On treatment IGF-II rose by 68 ± 25 ng/ml in patients discontinuing treatment <12 weeks, and fell by 55.5 ± 21 ng/ml with disease control (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: AVE1642 was tolerable with 75-100 mg/m(2) docetaxel and 1000 mg/m(2) gemcitabine/75 mg erlotinib, achieving durable disease control in 44%, with an association between IGF-II and response.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/annonc/mds511

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann Oncol

Publication Date

03/2013

Volume

24

Pages

784 - 791

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Deoxycytidine, Diarrhea, Docetaxel, Doxorubicin, Erlotinib Hydrochloride, Female, Humans, Leiomyosarcoma, Male, Melanoma, Middle Aged, Quinazolines, Receptor, IGF Type 1, Skin Neoplasms, Soft Tissue Neoplasms, Taxoids, Treatment Outcome