Outcomes after ileal pouch anal anastomosis in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis.
Pavlides M., Cleland J., Rahman M., Christian A., Doyle J., Gaunt R., Travis S., Mortensen N., Chapman R.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Outcomes after ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) are not well established in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We conducted a comprehensive outcomes assessment in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of complications in all PSC-IPAA (n=21) and matched ulcerative colitis patients with IPAA (UC-IPAA; n=79) after surgery in Oxford (1983-2012) was conducted, and functional outcomes (Öresland score) were evaluated (2012). Quality of life [Cleveland Global Quality of Life Questionnaire, Short Form-36 (SF-36)], and sexual function were also assessed (2012) including patients with PSC-associated UC without IPAA (PSC-UC; n=19). Sub-group analysis of patients with large duct (ld) PSC-IPAA (n=17) was also performed. RESULTS: The 1-, 5-, 10- and 20-year risk of acute pouchitis for PSC-IPAA was 10%, 19%, 31% and 65% respectively, compared to 3%, 10%, 14% and 28% in UC-IPAA (p=0.03). More PSC-IPAA (36%) had poor nocturnal pouch function (vs 2% in UC-IPAA; p=0.0016). There were no differences in surgical complications, quality of life or sexual function between the 3 main groups. LdPSC-IPAA had poorer pouch function (Öresland score: 7.7 vs 5.4 in UC-IPAA; p=0.02), and worse quality of life [SF-36 Physical: 42 vs 50.5 in UC-IPAA; 47.7 in PSC-UC; p=0.03 and Mental Health summary scores: 41.6 vs 51.2 in UC-IPAA; 42.3 in PSC-UC; p=0.04]. CONCLUSIONS: PSC-IPAA suffer more acute pouchitis and have worse functional outcomes than UC-IPAA. LdPSC-IPAA also have poorer quality of life.