Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether monoclonal antibody to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) reduces endothelial activation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Levels of serum E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and circulating leukocytes (differential counts) were measured in RA patients before and up to 4 weeks after infusion of either placebo or chimeric anti-TNF alpha antibody cA2 (1 or 10 mg/kg). RESULTS: Treatment with anti-TNF alpha decreased serum E-selectin and ICAM-1 levels, with the earliest detectable changes observed on days 1-3 after anti-TNF alpha infusion. No effect on VCAM-1 levels was detected. In parallel, there was a rapid and sustained increase in circulating lymphocytes. The extent of the decrease in serum E-selectin and ICAM-1 levels and the increase in lymphocyte counts was significantly higher (P < or = 0.05) in patients in whom a clinical benefit of anti-TNF alpha was observed ( > or = 20% response, by Paulus criteria, at week 4) compared with that in patients who failed to respond to anti-TNF alpha at this time point. CONCLUSION: We propose that decreased serum levels of adhesion molecules may reflect diminished activation of endothelial cells in the synovial microvasculature, leading to reduced migration of leukocytes into synovial joints, and thus prolonging the therapeutic effect of anti-TNF alpha in RA.


Journal article


Arthritis Rheum

Publication Date





1082 - 1091


Antibodies, Monoclonal, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Double-Blind Method, E-Selectin, Endothelium, Vascular, Humans, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, Leukocyte Count, Lymphocyte Activation, Time Factors, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha