Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Collagen-induced arthritis can be transferred into severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice by spleen cells from diseased DBA/1 mice. The development of arthritis in SCID animals can be prevented by infection ex vivo of DBA/1 spleen cells with retroviruses expressing the monomeric soluble human p75 tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (TNF-R). In addition, a vector engineered to express a polycystronic mRNA with TNF-R and the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk) gene, while producing low levels of TNF-R, had a limited effect which could be blocked by treating the animals with ganciclovir. A retroviral vector expressing the HSVtk gene alone had no effect on this arthritis transfer model with or without ganciclovir. Serum levels of TNF-R did not correlate with clinical signs, however, lower anti-collagen antibody levels corresponded with lack of clinical symptoms. These results indicate that local production of cytokine inhibitor is essential for therapeutic purposes while systemic levels may not be required.


Journal article


Gene Ther

Publication Date





731 - 735


Animals, Arthritis, Experimental, Cell Line, Cells, Cultured, Collagen, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Ganciclovir, Genetic Therapy, Humans, Lymphocyte Transfusion, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred DBA, Mice, SCID, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Recombinant Proteins, Retroviridae, Simplexvirus, Spleen, Thymidine Kinase, Transfection